In 2011 Fujifilm debuted the X100, a rather unique digital compact camera with throwback aesthetics, looking like something cool that your granddad could've owned. The camera featured a large APS-C sized sensor usually found in big and heavy DSLR bodies, paired with a fixed 35mm equivalent F2 lens, a hybrid viewfinder, all fitted into a retro design exterior.
Aside from its saucy looks, what made the X100 so appealing (especially for street photographers) is that once you've set up your personal preferences in the menu, you can basically control the functions that really matter (such as aperture, shutter speed and exposure comp) externally via analog dial operation, thus eliminating the need to stare at the screen, navigate through endless menus, and actually just enjoy taking pictures.
These features are ideal for street photographers who prefer to be fast, mobile, and stealthy while out shooting. And since the lens is fixed, you can not be tempted by any new interchangeable lenses, making the X100 an ideal tool for the "one camera, one lens"-philosophy with no distractions. This is very much a "photographers" camera: while there's modest video capability on board, nobody really bothers using it.
Of course no one camera is perfect: as technology moves along, the X100 has been refined throughout the past 6 years with the X100S (2013), the X100T (2015), now leading up to the current model. The X100F retains the same exterior design and main features of previous models (APS-C size sensor, 23mm=35mm equivalent F2 lens, optical and electronic viewfinder, silent shutter, film simulations, wifi capability), but is now outfitted with a 24 megapixel sensor, improved viewfinder and controls (ISO dial, joystick for focus points), and also: longer battery life. If you're in the market for a great compact camera, give this one a shot when it becomes available this February.